By: Lako Stephane (Member of WYN’s DRR Team)
Following the first workshop on hydroclimatic risks concepts and regulation at national and international levels in November 2017 (see blog post here), a second workshop on hydroclimatic project writing and financing was organised from May 30th to June 1st 2018 at Global Water Partnership Central Africa Head office with the support of UNESCO, Water Youth Network and GWP/WMO Associated Programme on Flood Management. This is in line with « Enhancing Youth Participation to flood and drought disaster risk reduction in developing countries (EYD2R) » action plan and two of the recommendations of the first workshop: i) include participative and systemic approaches in the prevention and management of floods and droughts, ii) reinforce collaboration between research, communities, civil society and advisory services.
Continue reading here.
The HydroConference brought together 219 providers and users of hydrological services from 85 countries and 34 organizations to strengthen knowledge-sharing and coordination. Held from 7 to 9 May at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland, the HydroConference stressed that sustainability of water resources and reduction of disaster risk can only be achieved by addressing the full value chain, from data collection to the production of efficient hydrological services that allow informed decision- and policy-making.
“It is estimated that by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Floods cost an estimated 120 billion dollars per year and droughts can stunt economic growth. It is therefore a top priority to improve the sustainable management of water resources,” said Harry Lins, President of the WMO Commission for Hydrology.
“We need to develop an action plan,” said HydroConference Chair Johan Gély of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. “Good hydrological services have a tremendous impact on the three pillars of the international agenda on sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and climate change,” he said.
About 90% of natural disaster impacts are water-related. Floods cost an estimated 120 billion dollars per year, whilst droughts stunt economic growth and trigger migration. Water lies at the heart of climate change adaptation.
The Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) was one of the global initiatives highlighted during the HydroConference. APFM was recognized as a key programme for strengthening collaboration among the expert institutions globally and in selected regions and countries, in order to improve flood management, including through improved hydrological services. Hydrological services are directly relevant to the work of the APFM on End-to-End Early Warning Systems, with the APFM playing a key role in the WMO Flood Forecasting Initiative. APFM also provides guidance on hydrological services such as flood risk mapping in relation to disaster risk reduction and to land use planning.
The HydroConference was co-organized and supported by WMO, UNESCO, the Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery/World Bank Group, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the Global Water Partnership, the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management, the UN Economic Commission for Europe, the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, USAID and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.
Learn more about the WMO HydroConference at hydroconference.wmo.int
Since May 2017, the International Centre for Water Resources and Global Change with the IHP-HWRP Secretariat has been cooperating with HochwasserKompetenzCentrum (HKC), a German non-profit association advocating and exercising flood prevention, to promote and to maximize the impact of HKC network internationally. The HKC established a unique network of people who are affected by flooding, policymakers, and the broadest range of stakeholders affected by floods. The HKC has more than 120 members in Germany and abroad. HKC developed the pioneering product Hochwasser Pass in Germany, and it has already proven to be a best practice product.
To bridge the gap between science and practice, HKC developed the holistic flood prevention and the sustainable development tool Floodlabel. Through Floodlabel, the project has been launched internationally in countries such as Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands and lately Israel and Chile. The German National Committee for IHP-HWRP has contributed this tool to the IFM Helpdesk.
Scuola Universitaria Superiore IUSS Pavia and EUCENTRE Foundation have issued a call for PhD applications in Understanding and Managing Extremes. Eight positions with scholarships are open. The deadline for applications is 9 March 2018.
The UME PhD is aimed at training graduates and professionals with strong scientific and professional capabilities, and an awareness of the cultural, technical and management issues related to understanding and managing extreme situations caused by natural disasters.
The course is organized into two curricula:
- Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology (main topics: seismology, geophysics, geology, geotechnical behavior of materials and structures, structural analysis, design of new structures and assessment existing structures)
- Hydrological, Weather, Geological, Chemical and Environmental Risks (main topics: hydrology, meteorology, climatology, climate change, soil and atmospheric physics, fluid mechanics, environmental monitoring, chemical risks)
The PhD Programme deals with three main areas:
- Disaster risk assessment, focusing both on natural hazards (such as flood, drought, landslides, wind storms) and on technological hazards (such as chemical accidents)
- Emergencies management, focusing on aspects related with law, economics, resource management, finance, insurance and sociology
- Risk mitigation, focusing on infrastructures, policies and strategies for the disaster risk reduction
The programme provides international exposure alongside broad and interdisciplinary curricula. It is also a unique opportunity to work with highly motivated and skilled students from all over the world, guided by highly qualified academics and professionals in the field. UME PhD graduates can find employment opportunities at universities, national and international research and academic institutions, private companies working in the field of structural design or catastrophe/disaster risk management, international institutions, national civil defence agencies, risk modellers or brokers.
A Youth Training Workshop on Flood and Drought Risk Prediction and Management was held at the Global Water Partnership Central Africa headquarters in Yaoundé, Cameroon from 3-4 November 2017. The workshop was organized by Water for Life Cameroon with support from the Global Water Partnership, UNESCO, World Meteorological Organization and Water Youth Network.
This workshop is the first of two workshops organized under the Enhancing Youth Participation to Flood and Drought Disaster Risk Reduction in Developing Countries (Eyd2r) project. This project is dedicated to engaging the youth in action, awareness raising, communication and research for reducing risk and improving resilience to water-related natural disasters—particularly, floods and drought—in the context of our changing climate.
Twenty-four young students and volunteers from Cameroon had the opportunity to learn from and interact with 10 experts during the workshop. The first two days introduced a breadth of topics related to flood and drought disaster risk reduction: key concepts, risk analysis approaches, appropriate local actions, regulatory tools and institutions, policies, innovative approaches, and opportunities for youth involvement. The next two days were used for an interactive session wherein the participants formed smaller groups to discuss the difficulties associated with flood and drought in each study area’s sub-basins, and to identify research, development and action opportunities that come with flood and drought risks. At the end of the workshop, the young participants identified the main constraints related to floods and drought in five watersheds (Mfoundi, Wouri, Menoua, Logone and Chari, Mayo Tsanaga) and developed 21 ideas for adaptation projects and research for flood and drought prevention.
Click here to learn more about this project.
Since 2014, APFM has worked with 23 partners from the academia, private sector and international organizations on the Preparing for Extreme and Rare Events in Coastal Regions (PEARL) Project. Funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration, the PEARL Project has been developing adaptive risk management strategies for coastal communities, focusing on extreme hydrometeorological events. The approach taken was multidisciplinary and integrated social, environmental and technical research and innovation.
To mark the culmination of the project, PEARL hosted a series of events at Amsterdam International Water Week (AIWW) from 30 October to 1 November 2017. The PEARL Consortium showcased the monitoring, modelling, forecasting and warning technologies, which were tailored to the social, technical, institutional, organizational and economic realities of selected coastal communities in Europe, the Caribbean and Asia. The events included a day-long side event on “Responding to the risks of extreme events to advance climate change adaptation,” a case session on “Resilient Regions and Climate Change Adaptation,” and an interactive lunch session on “Roadmaps towards climate change adaptation.”
Partners delved into the social, hazard modelling and risk assessment innovations underpinning the PEARL framework, which were later brought to life in discussions on how these were tailored to the project’s different case studies. In the historic city of Ayutthaya, Thailand, for example, it was important to account for the cultural dimension in addition to physical, social and economic dimensions when calculating vulnerability. In Greve, Denmark and St. Lucia, the project demonstrated how fit-for-purpose models and systems could be implemented despite varying levels of data availability. In Rethymno, Greece and Genoa, Italy, there was great value in engaging and co-producing risk assessments with local authorities and organizations through Learning and Action Alliances. In Hamburg, Germany, it was more effective to liaise closely with selected authorities, who would take ownership of the products developed after the project ends.
Innovative products developed throughout the course of the project were also shared during the events. One such product is the PEARL Knowledge Base, which was developed to equip authorities in Rethymno, Greece with appropriate tools but can also be used elsewhere in the world. This online tool allows users to calculate a city’s flood resilience, identify appropriate resilience measures, find examples of where such measures have been applied, and learn more by accessing relevant publications. Another tool developed by PEARL, which can be used in other contexts, is the Water Detective Android smartphone application for crowdsourcing reports on water-related issues.
The events also provided a platform for the voices of the project’s stakeholders to be heard. It was an opportune time to hear from stakeholders in St. Maarten, which is still recovering from the devastation brought by Hurricane Irma. One of the products developed by the PEARL Project in St. Maarten is an infrastructure analysis, which will be useful in the effort to rebuild. Calling for continued collaboration with the project partners, disaster manager Paul Martins said, “The PEARL perspective will help us to build back St. Maarten better.”
The book We and the Amur Floods: Lessons (Un)Learned? was awarded the bronze medal at the Far-Eastern Book Fair-2017 in the nomination “Scientific Monograph.” The book explores viable options for integrated flood management jointly implemented by Russia and China, following the great flood that took place along the transboundary Amur River in the summer and autumn of 2013. The research and fieldwork on the Amur River and the assessment of its floodplains undertaken from 2013–2015 was supported by APFM Support Base Partner Rivers without Boundaries (RwB) as well as Whitley Fund for Nature, DIPA, the Amur Branch of WWF-Russia, Global Green Grants Fund and others. Report preparation was made possible by the UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, and enhanced by RwB’s participation in the second workshop on transboundary floods management, supported by the UNECE and APFM.
The award was a pleasant surprise for the authors, who were not aware that the book had been submitted to the competition until they won the prize. “Over 300 titles were assessed by the Jury.
This is very unusual that a publication done by NGOs wins in competition with production of commercial and scientific publishing houses,” said Eugene Simonov, co-auther and RwB coordinator.
“I always expected we have published a good book, now it is certified. This unexpected recognition encourages us to explore ways to republish for wider dissemination and to finalize the English version for sharing the experience with other countries,” Simonov added.
To access the book in Russian and a summary written in English, click here. Congratulations to the book’s authors!
The Associated Programme on Flood Management Advisory and Management Committees held their annual meeting at the World Meteorological Organization Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, from 4 to 5 September 2017 to look back on the past year’s achievements and to strategize for the way forward.
To view the annual report, please click on the link below:
Selecting Measures and Designing Strategies for Integrated Flood Management: A Guidance Document was presented by APFM Support Base Partner Deltares at the 7th International Conference on Flood Management, which took place in Leeds, United Kingdom from 5-7 September 2017. Herman van der Most, who co-authored the publication, presented the Guidance Document at a poster session on policy and governance for resilience.
ICFM7 was aimed at examining the issues and challenges affecting flood management, especially the need to build resilience into future planning. Other themes explored during the conference were engineering for resilience, impact of climate change and urbanization, and flood prediction and forecasting.
- Flood Loss Assessments: Case StudiesMay 24, 2017 - 3:35 pm
- Crisis Mapping and Crowdsourcing in Flood ManagementMay 16, 2017 - 8:28 am
- Public Perception of Flood Risk and Social Impact AssessmentFebruary 24, 2016 - 9:13 am
- Technical Assistance for the Preparation of an Advocacy StrategyFebruary 17, 2016 - 10:20 am